Welcome to Estonia
Estonia, the Republic of Estonia, a country in the north-
Estonia is situated in the East European Plain. Surface height is gradually increased
from the coast and the Gulf of Riga in the east and south-
Prevalent in Western Estonia marine, abrasion, moraine and swampy plains. In the
formation of the relief of Estonia has played a particularly important role of Pleistocene
glacial activity. In the central and southern regions, along with moraine plains
traced finite moraine ridges, eskers and drumlins chain ridges. In the southeast,
the outputs of the Devonian sandstone dominated hilly moraine topography with elevation
Haanja, where the highest point -
With a variety of source rocks, hydrological conditions and the conditions of the
relief in Estonia formed mottled soil. So, in the south is dominated by sod-
Estonia has a dense river network. River North and West Estonia (Narva, Pirita, Kasari,
Pärnu, etc.) flow directly into the bays of the Baltic Sea, and the rivers flow east
Estonia have inland water bodies: Lake Võrtsjärv south (r.Pyltsamaa) and Chud (r.Emayygi
) and Pskov in the east. The longest river -
In Estonia, there are more than 1,150 lakes and more than 250 ponds. The lakes are
mainly of glacial origin and occupy approx. 4.8% of the territory. Large lakes Peipus
(or Peipsi) is located to the east and forms a natural and historic border with Russia.
Peipsi area 3555 square meters. km, of which 1,616 square meters. km belong to Estonia.
The largest inland body of water in Estonia -
Estonia is situated in the zone of mixed coniferous-
Forests are the most common in the east of the country -
SOCIETY AND CULTURE
A characteristic feature of Estonian society for many centuries was the lack of a national aristocracy. Estonians living in villages and on farms or were lower class urban population. Only in the late 19th century. there were intellectuals and the middle class. Prior to 1940 in Estonia in the population dominated peasants.
The first trade union associations emerged in Estonia in 1920-
In the 13-
Estonian culture has been shaped by a strong Scandinavian and German influence. Greatly influenced by the proximity to St. Petersburg, where he had been educated many prominent Estonian cultural figures.
An important achievement was the establishment of the first republic of the national education system, including higher education, teaching in Estonian. In Soviet times, it helped Estonians avoid assimilation speaking population.
In 1997, the primary and secondary schools in Estonia studied 224 thousand children
and adolescents in vocational schools -
In 1998, 10 public institutions of higher education were trained Estonia 34.5 thousand
students (of which 52% -
Literature and art
The birth of the Estonian national literature refers to the beginning of the 19th
century. A significant event in the development of Estonian literature is publication
Folklore plays a major role in the new Estonian culture. A major part of oral literature was published in the late 19th century., At the beginning of the next century began his scientific research and analysis. Estonian folklore themes inspired writers, painters, sculptors, and musicians.
Among the founders of the Estonian national art are Y.Keler artist (1861 -
Estonian tradition of song festivals -
Museums, libraries and science
Estonian National Museum, established in 1909 in Tartu, has a rich collection of
ethnographic materials and is the largest of 114 museums. In Estonia, there are approx.
600 libraries. The largest of them -
In the 1920-
A dense network of roads was established in Estonia still under Russian rule in the
19th century., And then expanded in the 20th century. Currently, 29.2 thousand km
of roads are paved. The number of vehicles in private use is growing rapidly: in
early 1994, Estonia had 211 cars per 1000 inhabitants, in 1997 -
Broad railway network has a length of 1018 km (not counting the ways to ensure specialized manufacturing shipments), of which only 132 km are electrified track. In 2001 the Estonian railways were privatized by local and foreign capital.
In Estonia operates gas pipeline more than 400 kilometers, linking plant to develop
shale gas in Kohtla-
Estonia has developed a year-
Developed, both domestic and international flights. Through Tallinn Airport offers flights to many European capitals and cities of the CIS.
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